FAQs on Mental Illness

mental illness

Mental/psychiatric/psychological illnesses are health conditions that affects a person’s thoughts, emotions, behaviour causing disturbances in interpersonal relationships, and daily functioning. They are associated with subjective and objective distress.
It can range from mild to severe. Mild patients are in large number in society which are not identified and they suffer due to lack of treatment.
There are host of illnesses from very common phobia to schizophrenia. Depression panic disorder, OCD, bipolar disorder are other set of illness. Children have ADHD and autism etc. addictions are other host of psychiatric illness.

Only when there is impairment in day to day living, functioning, interpersonal relationship problem, social problem, or work problem or academic problem we diagnose them as psychiatric illness. Minor issues need to be seeking help of professionally qualified and trained psychologist for counselling.

Any one or other alone or in combination of others are early signs of possible illness.

  • Confused thinking
  • Long-lasting sadness or irritability
  • Extreme highs and lows in mood
  • Excessive fear, worrying, or anxiety
  • Social withdrawal
  • Dramatic changes in eating or sleeping habits
  • Strong feelings of anger
  • Delusions or hallucinations (seeing or hearing things that are not really there)
  • Increasing inability to cope with daily problems and activities
  • Thoughts of suicide
  • Denial of obvious problems
  • Many unexplained physical problems
  • Abuse of drugs and/or alcohol

Although the exact source of mental illness is not known, research points to a mix of genetic, biological, psycho-social, and environmental factors as being the root of most conditions.
One or other factor interact in some complex way to develop illness.

Consulting psychiatrist and talking freely with him helps. If issues can be worked out with counselling, he would definitely suggest so. Early diagnosis and treatment is crucial in recovery. Longer duration of untreated illness poorer is outcome.
We are specialised in allopathic medicine. Hence it is inappropriate from us to comment on other modalities of treatment. One should consult treating psychiatrist whenever patients want to seek alternative therapies. One with gross psychosis or severe depression with suicidal thoughts should start allopathic medications.
Medication, psychotherapy electroconvulsive therapy, rTMS, are different modalities of treatment available. It depends on diagnosis, comorbid problems and patient’s choice.
After detail history and assessment, they come to diagnosis of illness. After diagnosis, a suggested treatment plan is devised that might involve different therapy models.

Brain functioning is still mystery for neuroscientist. We are evolving in regards to treatment of psychiatrist illness. Fortunately, we have plenty of good medication available after 2000 in India. Most of psychiatric medication give good improvement by end of 4-6 weeks. Sometimes it takes long. some of patients do not respond to trial of different medication. So one needs to understand that psychiatric illness are more alike chronic illness like hypertension diabetes arthritis etc.

Any psychiatric illness is founded on pillars of temperament which is not possible to change. It is also difficult to radically change environment which is many time responsible for precipitating illness. beside we cannot make changes in genes which are often instrumental in developing illness. some personality traits maintain psychiatric illness. Leaned behaviour also plays role in maintaining some residual effect of psychiatric illness. With all these factors participating in illness, it becomes difficult for cure of illness. One or other factors will pull down person with illness leading to chronicity and partial success in treatment plan.
One needs to be cautious when assimilating information. many times psychiatric illness becomes chronic. relatives feel exhausted and burnout. They try to seek quick cure for these problem. World is full of people who take ADVANTAGE of such people. they claim to cure illness. Patients fall prey to such advertising and lose money, & time. Many times this leads to worsening of illness. Few authentic sites of information are mentioned here.

Mental Peace.
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Psychiatrist in Nagpur, Sakkardara – Dr. Pawan Adatia